One woman dies every minute from heart disease, a little know fact that is overshadowed by other high profile diseases for women. Heart disease, once considered a “man’s disease”, is a cause of great concern for women. It is called a “silent killer” because it often has no symptoms or presents pain that is barely noticeable. The most commonly recognized symptom is persistent chest pain, pressure or other discomfort, called angina. This pain results when the heart is getting too little blood or oxygen. It can be felt under the breastbone and tends to accompany exercise or extreme emotional stress. Women, however, are more likely than men to experience a different type of chest pain which is sharp and temporary.
What is Heart Disease?
Heart disease is a term used to describe a number of problems affecting the heart and the blood vessels of the heart. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease and is the leading cause of heart attacks. CAD occurs when the coronary arteries that surround and supply blood to the heart muscle lose their elasticity and become hardened and narrowed because of plaque build-up inside the artery. This process is called atherosclerosis. As the coronary arteries narrow, blood flow to the heart can slow down or stop, causing chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, heart attack, and other symptoms.
Why is this Important to Black Women?
Black women suffer rates of heart disease that are twice as high as those among white women. Some of the factors that contribute to this disparity include higher rates of overweight and obesity, higher rates of elevated cholesterol levels and high blood pressure and limited awareness of our elevated risks. In addition to having high heart disease rates, Black women die from heart disease more often than all other Americans.
What Black Women Need to Know
Black women are more likely to be overweight or obese, more likely to be physically inactive, and more likely to have high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels – all risk factors for heart disease. Black women also need to know that women often experience heart attack symptoms that are different from those that occur in men. Although chest pain is the symptom most commonly associated with a heart attack, women may have chest pain that is not the most prominent or troubling symptom or may not experience chest pain at all.
Typical heart attack symptoms include:
Women are more likely to experience other, less common warning signs of heart attack including:
Black women need to be aggressive in seeking attention for heart disease symptoms and concerns by taking the initiative in establishing communications with their doctor: This can improve the chances of receiving appropriate treatment.
What the Imperative is doing
The Imperative is committed to ensuring that Black women receive the necessary information and skills in order to reduce their personal risk for heart disease. Through our health education programs and advocacy efforts, we are raising awareness and fighting for critical changes to the healthcare system that will improve health outcomes for all Black women.
The Black Women’s Health Imperative is committed to ending heart disease health disparities among Black women by:
What Black Women Can Do
The development of cardiovascular disease begins at an early age, and so can the foundation for a healthy heart. Fortunately many of the heart disease risk factors can be controlled by making small improvements that can lead to large benefits. For example, losing only 10 to 20 pounds can help lower your heart disease risk. Other steps to reducing heart disease risk include: